About Sri Lanka

Location & Geography

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The island nation of Sri Lanka provides travellers with a wealth of information that they make take with them wherever they go. Having access to such Sri Lanka facts will prove vital for any holidaymaker.
Popularly known as the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka is an exotic destination with a population of over 21 million. The diversity a traveller finds within an area of 65,525 sq.km is what makes Sri Lanka one of the most sought after destinations in the 21st century.

The end to the ethnic conflict which lasted for over two decades provides an opportunity for you to explore its rich culture and heritages, a history of over 2,500 years, the flora and fauna and the golden beaches. With a history boasting of over 2,500 years, the island offers you a rock fortress, the highest density of leopards, cocktails of beautiful gems, the best tea in the world to the most hospitable and friendly people in the planet.
With over 1,340 km of golden coastline, Sri Lanka is “the place” to enjoy the sun, sea and the sand. Explore the golden beaches after a short trip of discovering its rich culture and heritage or, a nature and adventure tour to experience its wildlife.

 

Topography

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Over countless millennia, Mother Nature has produced a breathtakingly majestic work of art by bestowing a wide range of exquisite topographic features on this ancient island, making Sri Lanka one of the most scenic wonders of the world. Three zones are distinguishable by elevation. These would be the central highlands, the plains and the coastal belt.

 

Sri Lanka Culture and Heritage

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Sri Lanka was once a land of kingdoms of Sinhala royal dynasties, but it is also home to many communities of different races, religions and languages, who have migrated to this tiny island at various times throughout the centuries. The Sri Lankan cultural experience is one that is both ancient and diverse, and there are many culturally and historically important attractions in almost every part of the island to visit and enjoy.
The island’s written history dates back as far as 2,550 years, and ancient kings are credited for building planned cities, stunning palaces and monasteries, breathtaking reservoirs, verdant gardens and charming ponds, and other intriguing monuments and works of art. The ruins of these ancient cities are mostly seen in Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, which are World Heritage Sites, but are also scattered across other parts of the island, which were once home to royals.

 

Population

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20 million people of various ethnicities inhabit Sri Lanka. The prominent ethnic groups are by percentage, 74% Sinhalese, 18% Tamils, 8% Moors, Malays and Burghers.

 

Climate

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Sunshine is in abundance all year round. The average temperature is around 27°C in Colombo. The temperature gradually drops as the land rises towards the hill country, with some parts of the highland as low as 10°C.

The island has two wet monsoon seasons; briefly between May and July in the south-west region and between December and January in the north-east. However, Sri Lanka has no off season per se as clear blue skied bright sunny days are the general rule even during the wet season.
Sri Lanka is 5 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Median Time), 2½ hours behind Singapore and 4½ hours behind Australia EST (Eastern Standard Time)

 

Language

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Communication is rarely a problem as English is widely spoken in most parts of the country. Place names and signboards are generally displayed in all three official languages of the country.
Official languages: Sinhala, Tamil and English.

 

Religion

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20 million people of various ethnicities inhabit Sri Lanka. The prominent ethnic groups are by percentage, 74% Sinhalese, 18% Tamils, 8% Moors, Malays and Burghers.

 

Popular Beach Locations

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Popular Beach Locations Being an island it is natural that Sri Lanka will have many beaches to offer. What make it interesting is the different types of beaches that exist. To the southern coast lie popular shores that are packed with tourists. In the east larger waves rock the shore and are popular among surfers all around the world. In the east lie white sands and calm waters famous for its fishing. Soak up the sun in any of these beaches that are in season majority of the year.

 

National Parks

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National Parks The bio diversity of Sri Lanka knows no bounds. There are twenty one National Parks including two Maritime National Parks in Hikkaduwa and Pigeon Islands. The Yala National Park has the highest density of leopards in the world. Another spectacle is “The Elephant Gathering” which is an annual gathering of elephants in the Minneriya National Park. This gathering is considered the 6th most amazing animal spectacle in the world.

 

Cultural & Religious Sites

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Cultural & Religious Sites Sri Lanka is a very popular destination for those who are interested in Culture and Religion. Going as far back as 2,500 years the island is rich in culture and heritage. Buddhism plays a large role in the majority of Sri Lankans since it was introduced to the Sri Lankan king by Mahinda, son to the Emperor of India in the 3rd century BC.

 

Experiences & Excursions

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Activities & Experiences Sri Lanka may be small but there is a lot that can be done. We have various activities and experiences that are offered exclusively by us. Nature treks, White Water Rafting, Cycling and Scuba Diving to name a few. Ensure to ask our tour consultants about these activities to spice up your tour of Sri Lanka.

 

Sri Lanka Dining/ Cuisine

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The local eating habits are dominated by curries, which, beside international dishes, are, in a milder form, regularly served by almost all the hotels to foreign visitors. In Colombo there is a wide choice of specialty restaurants, where Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Thai, Indian, Lebanese, French, Italian, German and Swiss food is available. Some of the best restaurants are located in the first-class hotels.
The prices for food and beverage in the local restaurants are still reasonable. In the first-class hotels in Colombo and on the beaches, etc. however much higher prices will be charged. For imported (alcoholic) beverages prices in bars and restaurants are similar to those in Continental Europe.
To learn more about Sri Lankan dining ask your guide about the best places to eat in the area.

 

Visa

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Obtaining the Visa to visit Sri Lanka has become much easier. Fill in the form on-line and APPLY for your visa prior to your arrival. SAARC nation members shall be charged US$15 for on-line visas whilst non-members will be charged US$ 30. For more details please visit www.eta.gov.lk

UNESCO lists down places that hold a special cultural or physical significance. Sri Lanka is home to 8 such sites. They play a very significant role in the history of the island and are a must see as they are one of a kind places. No trip to Sri Lanka is complete without visiting at least one of these sites.